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The Natural Arsenical Waters Of La Bourboule

RRP $16.99

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An excerpt from a review in The Dublin Journal of Medical Science,Volume 101, published in 1896.

The rarity of arsenical springs, and their value in the treatment of certain classes of disease, give special interest to this tract. There is, if we remember aright, a mineral water containing arsenic in England, but it has not been utilized for therapeutical purposes. In France several springs-at Mont Dore, La Malou, Vals, Vichy, Plombieres, St. Nectaire-have traces of arsenic in their composition; but the spring of Choussy-Perriere at La Bourboule is an arsenical water. Its characteristic is a high percentage of the sodium arsenate and sodium chloride, with a small amount of iron.

This copious spring-discharging 23,310 litres in the hour-has a constant temperature of 60° C. Its composition per litre, as analysed by MM. Bouis and Lefort in 1878, is as follows:-Sodium arseniate, 0.02847 "(equal to 7 milligrammes of arsenic"); free carbonic acid, 0.0518; sodium chloride, 2.8406; potassium chloride, 0.1623; magnesium chloride, 0.0320; sodium bicarbonate, 2.890; sodium sulphate, 0.2084; "bicarbonate of lime," 0.1905; ferric oxide, 0.021; silicic acid, 0.1200; with traces of lithium chloride, manganese and aluminium.

The water of this spring is carefully bottled for export; but its good effects will be more surely produced on the spot, where internal administration is combined with baths. These are taken at a temperature of 35° C, and, as a general rule, continued for half an hour at a time.

For a list of the diseases likely (or certain) to be benefited by the use of the arsenical water of La Bourboule, we must refer our readers to Dr. Brown's pamphlet. It seems to include most of the diseases to which flesh is heir; and, perhaps, a grain or two of sodium chloride may be taken with the author's sanguine description. The temperature and composition of the water, however, will suggest to the practitioner cases in which the spring may be recommended with prospect of favourable results.


How To Build A Bottled Water Dealer Business

RRP $18.99

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In clear, easy-to-grasp language, the author covers many of the topics that you will need to know in order to launch and run a successful business venture.


Water Services Management And Governance

RRP $54.95

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Water Services Management and Governance focuses on water services (water supply, wastewater services) and deals with connections between water resources and services and water resources. It covers water supply mainly in urban communities, sanitation and pollution control and water resources and their linkages to water services.
This book is divided in to four key sections relating to governance frameworks, technology and socio-ecological interactions, government and governance, and long terms policies. The chapters analyse the complexity of the water services sector based on a historical analysis of developments within the sector. The underlying conviction is that only by understanding past trends, processes and developments can the current situation in the water services be understood. Only through this understanding can policies for sustainable water services in the future be formulated. The four key sections relate to governance frameworks, technology and socio-ecological interactions, government and governance, and long terms policies.
Water Services Management and Governance raises awareness that an understanding of the past is a necessity to explore potential, probable and preferable futures. It is an essential basis for water sector reforms in any country, region or community. The book is written for experts in water utilities, ministries, municipalities, NGOs, donor agencies, private companies and regulators; as well as students and researchers in water policy and governance, and the management of water resources, services and infrastructure.
Editors: Dr. Petri S. Juuti is a historian, and Adjunct Professor in the universities of Tampere, Oulu and Turku. Tapio S. Katko, Civil engineer, Adjunct Professor, UNESCO Chairholder in Sustainable Water Services at Tampere University of Technology, Finland. Klaas Schwartz, Senior Lecturer, Urban Water Governance in the Department of Integrated Water Systems and Governance at the UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft, the Netherlands.
Assistant Editor: Riikka P. Rajala, Environmental Engineer, Post-Doctoral researcher in University of Tampere, Finland.



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Aqua Zero Books

Bottled Water Drink Water Water H2O
Aqua Water Park Diving Underwater
Ocean Cave Diving Waterproof Water Park
Swimming Pool Softened Water Water Air Harvesting Water

Aqua Zero