This comprehensive resource provides engineers, managers, compliance specialists, construction professionals, and students with the tool they need to understand and comply with the requirements of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Title 40 Part 122 stormwater regulations. Stormwater Discharge Management covers the full spectrum of stormwater issues, including stormwater regulations, NPDES permitting, minimum control measures, activities-based discharges, overflows, stormwater monitoring, stormwater enforcement strategy, and the new Stormwater Phase II Rule, which mandated compliance March 10, 2003. Readers will learn who meets the criteria for compliance under this rule and how compliance can be achieved in construction activity, agricultural activity, and marine activity. To help simplify the process, the authors identify each and every compliance requirement, from examining the different types of stormwater discharge permits to writing an effective Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPP). They also include actual EPA field enforcement practices and best management practices to help readers ensure compliance success. Readers will gain a clearer appreciation for the stormwater regulations by reviewing the objectives of the Clean Water Act, the purpose and requirements of the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES), and the types of discharges/facilities affected by the laws.
This book is the proceedings of the conference Faecal Indicators: problem or solution? Has technical progress reduced the need for faecal indicators? held on 6th to 8th June 2011 at Edinburgh Conference Centre, Heriot Watt University, UK. It addresses existing and emerging issues in environmental microbiology which in turn offer exciting new challenges in microbiology, public health and environmental science. The ultimate aim being to assist the monitoring and modelling of environmental systems to protect human health, animal welfare and environmental quality. With contributions from leading scientists and experts in academia and industry, it offers a truly international perspective on both current research and our ability to respond with useful and sustainable solutions to many of the emerging challenges of today's modern communities. The conference featured two combative, provocative and engaging debates examining the moral issues behind the statements "What is a coliform and are coliforms relevant to public health?" and "Do regulations help or hinder the innovation in testing methods?". The reports of these questions are captured in the book. The book appeals across the board from those working in universities and research institutes to local governments, the water and food industries, and health professionals.
Plants are subjected to a variety of abiotic stresses such as drought, temperature, salinity, air pollution, heavy metals, UV radiations, etc. To survive under these harsh conditions plants are equipped with different resistance mechanisms which vary from species to species. Due to the environmental fluctuations agricultural and horticultural crops are often exposed to different environmental stresses leading to decreased yield and problems in the growth and development of the crops. Drought stress has been found to decrease the yield to an alarming rate of some important crops throughout the globe. During last few decades, lots of physiological and molecular works have been conducted under water stress in crop plants.
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