The classical concept of turbulence is most often associated with fluid dynamics. However, it is in fact a dominant feature of most systems having a large or infinite number of degrees of freedom. In demonstration of this fact, the current volume covers topics such as acoustics, optics, and Jupiter's red spot, as wen as traditional hydrodynamics. The emphasis of the volume is on applications of the relatively new theory of weak turbulence. 'nis theory, which has been developed largely in the last twenty five years, anows for the existence of a multiplicity of linearly unstable modes interacting in a nonlinear "soup." It makes many intriguing connections to such topics as Hamiltonian mechanics, nonlinear parties, equations and integrable systems, stochastic analysis, and methods developed in quantum field theory. Most of the contributions in this book aim at finding and applying the proper mathematical and statistical tools to describe fully developed turbulence. These diverse applications serve to illustrate the power of a unified approach based for the most part on a Hamiltonian formulation. A few chapters address a class of stochastic nonlinear nondispersive waves known as Burger:e turbulence. Set into historical context by V. E. Zakharov's opening chapter, the contributions to this book will be of interest to research workers and graduate students in pure and applied mathematics, theoretical physics, fluid mechanics, oceanography, and various areas of engineering.
There is, perhaps, no contrivance in the wide world more wonderful than a ship-a full-rigged, well-manned, gigantic ship! Those who regard familiar objects in art and nature as mere matters of course, and do not trouble themselves to wander out of the beaten track of everyday thought, may not at first feel the force or admit the truth of this statement. Let such folk endeavour to shake themselves vigorously out of this beaten track of everyday thought. Let them knit their brows and clench their teeth, and gaze steadfastly into the fire, or up at the sky, and try to realise what is involved in the idea of-a ship.
Coupled climate system models are of central importance for climate studies. A new model known as FGOALS ( the Flexible Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System model), has been developed by the Sate Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (LASG/IAP, CAS), a first-tier national geophysical laboratory. It serves as a powerful tool, both for deepening our understanding of fundamental mechanisms of the climate system and for making decadal prediction and scenario projections of future climate change. "Flexible Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System Model: A Modeling Tool for the Climate Change Research Community" is the first book to offer systematic evaluations of this model's performance. It is comprehensive in scope, covering both developmental and application-oriented aspects of this climate system model. It also provides an outlook of future development of FGOALS and offers an overview of how to employ the model. It represents a valuable reference work for researchers and professionals working within the related areas of climate variability and change. Prof. Tianjun Zhou, Yongqiang Yu, Yimin Liu and Bin Wang work at LASG, the Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China.
Aqua Zero Articles
Aqua Zero Books