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An excerpt from a review in The Dublin Journal of Medical Science,Volume 101, published in 1896.
The rarity of arsenical springs, and their value in the treatment of certain classes of disease, give special interest to this tract. There is, if we remember aright, a mineral water containing arsenic in England, but it has not been utilized for therapeutical purposes. In France several springs-at Mont Dore, La Malou, Vals, Vichy, Plombieres, St. Nectaire-have traces of arsenic in their composition; but the spring of Choussy-Perriere at La Bourboule is an arsenical water. Its characteristic is a high percentage of the sodium arsenate and sodium chloride, with a small amount of iron.
This copious spring-discharging 23,310 litres in the hour-has a constant temperature of 60° C. Its composition per litre, as analysed by MM. Bouis and Lefort in 1878, is as follows:-Sodium arseniate, 0.02847 "(equal to 7 milligrammes of arsenic"); free carbonic acid, 0.0518; sodium chloride, 2.8406; potassium chloride, 0.1623; magnesium chloride, 0.0320; sodium bicarbonate, 2.890; sodium sulphate, 0.2084; "bicarbonate of lime," 0.1905; ferric oxide, 0.021; silicic acid, 0.1200; with traces of lithium chloride, manganese and aluminium.
The water of this spring is carefully bottled for export; but its good effects will be more surely produced on the spot, where internal administration is combined with baths. These are taken at a temperature of 35° C, and, as a general rule, continued for half an hour at a time.
For a list of the diseases likely (or certain) to be benefited by the use of the arsenical water of La Bourboule, we must refer our readers to Dr. Brown's pamphlet. It seems to include most of the diseases to which flesh is heir; and, perhaps, a grain or two of sodium chloride may be taken with the author's sanguine description. The temperature and composition of the water, however, will suggest to the practitioner cases in which the spring may be recommended with prospect of favourable results.
In clear, easy-to-grasp language, the author covers many of the topics that you will need to know in order to launch and run a successful business venture.
Water - and its governance - is becoming a global concern partly because it is turning into a goods in short supply, with devastating effects on literally billions of people, but also because it is the "carrier" of global warming; whether through irregular weather patterns or through flooding, water is how global warming will be 'felt'. The lion's share of the globally available fresh water resources is to be found in transboundary systems. In spite of its significance, the generated knowledge on how to deal with transboundary waters is weak and leaves policy makers with seemingly unavoidable, trade-off dilemmas and prioritizations, often with detrimental effects. In order to disentangle this predicament this volume works with one case: the Lower Mekong Basin and covers state-of-the-art academic and practitioners' knowledge and hence appeals to a wide audience. The topic this volume addresses is situated in the nexus of an IR- (International Relations) approach focussing on transboundary politics and its inclination to remain within the sphere of state sovereignty and national interest on the one hand, and Development studies, with its imperatives on participation, planning, and intervention, on the other. The dilemma, we argue, of better understanding transboundary water management lies in how to understand how these two rationalities can be simultaneously nurtured.
Audience: This book will be relevant to scholars, as it provides cutting-edge research, and students, since it covers the primary debates in the field, interested in resource management, regional politics, and development issues in the area. It also addresses the global debate on transboundary water management and presents an in-depth case of one of the globally most sophisticated attempts at pursuing sustainable river basin management. Finally, practitioners and policymakers would benefit greatly because all contributions have explicit policy relevance, launching suggestion on improvements in water management.
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